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Ethiopia Dam Faces Problematic Development

Egypt and Ethiopia seem to have a lot coming up between the two countries. The previously well relating countries have a project that is a rift. According to the information available, both governments have an interest in the Nile river. 

While both states have a stake in the river, Ethiopia’s Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) is the latest issue to bring both countries at odd ends. The dam is Ethiopias project that aims to provide sustainable energy to all of its citizens adequately. Ethiopia can only provide power for close to half of its citizens with an estimated total being 44% 

However, Egypt’s interests in the river hold more than Ethiopia. The blue Nile is Egypt’s primary source of freshwater and establishing such a project on the river will render most of the country’s agricultural projects obsolete 

In this regard, Egypt is opposing the commencement of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam project because it will limit the growth of the agricultural sector until the project comes to completion. 

According to experts, Ethiopia expects to finish the project in a couple of years. The timeline states that Ethiopia’s reservoir will fill up at the end of seven years. Egypt, however, speculates that the timeline of the project will range from the 12 years to 21years

Looking at the origins of the blue Nile shows its base in  Ethiopian jurisdiction. The figures depict an 84% relation between the Nile and Ethiopian waterways. As it stands currently, Egypt is concerned about what is in store for its agricultural sector and clean water supply.

Yet the project poses another problem for Ethiopia. The result of the project is only viable for the first 7 years. The project is capable of generating $1bn per year in terms of revenue. This scenario is real if the country factors in possible maintenance costs and the cost of construction in the first place. 

At its core, the GERD has the potential to be a good income generator for the two countries. Should the opportunity be considered, both countries can link up their joint completed project to East Africa’s energy pool and supply energy. If both parties work independently, they also have a position to supply the region with power at a price 

Ethiopia’s energy generation capacity stands at 45000GW and is a clear guide to the potential. The country lacks the capability of producing petroleum and mineral deposits, and the project is a better solution to the current economic situation if used well. However, the project is at a standstill until the end of the talks 

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