The trend that is happening globally has set its eyes on renewable energy, and this was cited by the governments of the US and Germany last week. A report on undefined long-term upcoming fossil fuels by Wall Street identified the rising merits of using solar panels for power generation
On the other hand, Kenya has a strong faith that it can take the top spot towards renewable energy even with the competition globally
This will be a hard task, and accomplishing it would be a ground-breaking moment for the Kenyan people. Kenya has dedicated its attention on hydroelectric power stations, wind power, and geothermal power stations, and the power stations include Lake Turkana Wind Project which is also the largest in Africa, the geothermal comprise of Olakaria geothermal
Kenya has a hydropower capacity of over 700 megawatts, which it has been using since it was declared a republic; aside from that, it has other sources.
A company called KenGen has devoted its attention on trying to increase the country’s geothermal energy production, the company is very confident it can produce adequate power to finally relieve excess geothermal made at the Olkaria vicinity to the countries that are next to it
Through Japan, International Cooperation Agency assistance was provided through a time-honored partnership.
The geothermal resources are found within the Rift Valley region, with its impending measured at around 7,000 to 10,000 megawatts. It has many merits compared to other sources; for instance, it cannot be affected by the change in climate hence making it desirable for base-load electricity generation.
The solar in Kenya gets insolation of 4-6kwh that is done daily. This used for photovoltaic systems during water heating and drying as well. The photovoltaic is used for telecommunication by communication companies such as Safaricom, and it is also used for lighting.
The main hindrance is that it has hurdles that prevent it from exploiting the energy entirely which are initial capital and minimum awareness of potential opportunities
To cut through some of the defies, the government has scrapped Value Added Tax on renewable energy.
There is a wind project based in Lake Turkana and the Ngong wind power site managed by KenGen. The problem with the wind powers is that it has a high cost of capital and an inadequate wind regime. This makes it hard to exploit it.
Furthermore, areas considered to be very potential for generating wind are at quite a distance from the grid and the centres where loading takes place hence calling for high capital investment for line transmissions.
This type of energy is generated from various sources such as biomass, biogas, charcoal, etc. The Kenyan government recognizes the availability of substantial potential for creating power using tress. However, energy development for biomass is the main focus because it is diminishing the global resources of fossil fuels.